Estimated read time: 2 minutes

# Introduction

There is nothing new here in terms of algorithms, but it was interesting to figure out how to apply those concepts with Python. This works for integer numbers, but can be easily adapted to convert fractions.

# Binary to Decimal

```
"""
Converts a binary number to a decimal number.
"""
def bin_to_dec(number):
"""Algorithm that converts a binary number to a decimal number.
Receives and returns a string."""
# get the index of power of first digit
# e.g. 1001 → first index power is 3 (2^3)
first_power = len(number) - 1
total = 0 # initialize variable to store final result
# iterate over each number and if it is '1', calculate the value
# based on its position and add it to the total
for index, char in enumerate(number):
if char == '1':
total += 2 ** (first_power - index)
# give back the answer to the script
return total
if __name__ == '__main__':
# retrieve binary number from input as string to parse
BIN_NUM = input()
# pass binary number to algorithm and store the result
RESULT = bin_to_dec(BIN_NUM)
# print the solution to the console
print(RESULT)
```

# Decimal to Binary

```
"""
Converts a decimal number to a binary number.
"""
def dec_to_bin(number):
"""Algorithm that converts a decimal number to a binary number.
Receives an integer and returns a string."""
if number == 0: # if number is 'zero', the answer is 'zero'
return 0
remainders = [] # list that stores the remainders
# iterate over the initial given decimal and divide it by two
# until it gets to 'zero'. At each step, add the remainder in
# the above list
while number > 0:
remainders.append(number % 2)
number = number // 2
# reverse the list of remainders, as the first remainder is the
# right most digit in the answer
remainders.reverse()
# concatenate all the digits from the list of remainders from left
# to right to display the final binary number
answer = ''
for digit in remainders:
answer += str(digit)
# give the answer back to the script
return answer
if __name__ == '__main__':
# retrieve decimal number from input as integer
DEC_NUM = int(input())
# pass decimal number to algorithm and store the result
RESULT = dec_to_bin(DEC_NUM)
# print the solution to the console
print(RESULT)
```

# Conclusion

This was a very quick programming session that’s been useful
to make new concepts stick. The best learning strategies are
to *test yourself* constantly in any way possible and to
*teach clearly what you know*, which is what I tried to do
in the end. By the way, I found the course Learning How to
Learn on
Coursera to be quite satisfying and I would invite you to have a look if
that’s a topic you’re interested in!